What happened in 1907?

Picasso in 1907

Do you know what happened in 1907? This is an outline of significant cultural events that took place in the year 1907.

Also featuring galleries of images to illustrate the culture, art, design, cinema, fashion and photography of 1907.

History

  • Finland’s introduction of women’s suffrage sends 19 women into parliament.
  • British suffragettes attack the Parliament building in London.
  • The Romanian Peasant Revolt takes place in Moldavia.
  • An earthquake in Kingston, Jamaica kills more than 800 people.
  • Britain and Russia sign the Anglo-Russian Entente resolving disputes over Persia, Afghanistan and Tibet.
  • London launches the first ever metered taxis.
  • RMS Lusitania and Mauretania make maiden passenger voyages to New York City from Liverpool, England.
  • World’s first ever airforce is established in USA.
  • United Parcel Service (UPS) is founded in Seattle, USA.
  • Marconi launches first commercial transatlantic wireless service between Canada and Ireland.



 

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The Kiss, c.1907
Gustav Klimt

 

Art

A retrospective exhibition of the art of Paul Cezanne is shown at Salon d’Automne in Paris. It greatly influences many artists, including Picasso, Braque and Léger.

Fernand Léger moves into La Ruche, the artists’ residence in Montparnasse, Paris.

The influence of Cezanne appears in Picasso’s artwork and he also experiments with African and prehistoric art forms. He creates the shocking Le Demoiselles d’Avignon.
 

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Les Demoiselles d’Avignon
Pablo Picasso

 

Maurice de Vlaminck has his first solo exhibition in Paris.

Henri Matisse opens a private art school named Académie Matisse in Paris.


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View of the Plaza Hotel

Design

Plaza Hotel opens in New York City.

Charles Rennie Mackintosh begins work designing the interior of Glasgow School of Art using Arts and Crafts ideals.



 

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Vogue Cover – July 1907
G. Howard Hilder

 

Fashion

Spanish theatre designer Mariano Fortuny creates a technical process to create permanent pleats in silk. He develops the process at his factory in Venice, Italy. He designs classical greek Peplos and Delphos silk gowns as well as Renaissance-inspired printed velvet coats.

The first automatic washer and dryer is introduced.

The Cullinan Diamond is given to King Edward VII for a birthday gift, fuelling fashionable interest in diamond jewellery.

In women’s fashion, checked fabric is popular over stripes. Shades of pink, purple and mulberry are fashionable too. Read more about the fashion details of 1907 on board transatlantic passenger voyages.



 

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Max Linder Movie Poster

 

Cinema

Cinema’s first comedy character, Max, appears in The Skater’s Debut. He is created by Max Linder, playing an aristocrat with top hat and cane.

Paris 1914Léon Gaumont opens Gaumont Palace in Paris, the largest cinema in the world. Re-constructed from the Hippodrome pavilion building built for the 1900 Paris Exposition, it screens newsreels, actualities and narrative films.

Scrap metal merchant Louis B Mayer opens his first ever movie theatre in Massachusetts.



 

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Autochrome
Hans Hildenbrand

 

Photography

The Lumière Brothers help make Autochrome colour plates commercially available to advanced photographers. The process is expensive and tricky.



 

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A Woman’s Guess

 

Literature

Rudyard Kipling wins the Nobel Prize for Literature.

A buddhist scripture on a wood block, dating from 868 is found in China. The Diamond Sutra is the earliest printed and dated book in existence.



 

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D’Oyly Carte Opera Company, The Yeomen of the Guard
Dudley Hardy

 

Music

Arnold Schoenberg’s first string quartet premieres in Vienna, Austria.

The premiere of Jean Sibelius’ 3rd Symphony.



 

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Colette
Reutlinger Studio

 

Theatre

Rêve d’Égypte at the Moulin Rouge in Paris shows an onstage kiss between actresses Colette and Mathilde de Morny. The police are called and further performances are banned.

The plays Don Juan in Hell and Philanderer by George Bernard Shaw premiere in London.

Police are called to the opening of Playboy of Western World by JM Synge.

Florenz Ziegfeld’s Follies debuts in New York City.


 
Pictify gallery of 1907

Pinterest gallery of what happened in 1907:


This 1907 post and Pinterest/Pictify galleries are added to as time goes by.

Please do leave a comment below if you think something should be added to the timeline or galleries.

See what happened in other years in the 1900s

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